The Monk Travel*
by Karl Dunker**
One morning, exactly at sunrise, a Buddhist
monk began to climb a tall mountain. The narrow path, no more than a foot
or two wide, spiraled around the mountain to a glittering temple at the
The monk ascended the path at varying rates of speed, stopping many times
along the way to rest and eat the dried fruit he carried with him. He
reached the temple shortly before sunset. After several days of fasting
and meditation he began his journey back along the same path, starting at
sunrise and again walking at variable speeds with many pauses along the
way. His average speed descending was, of course, greater than his average
Prove that there is a spot along the path that the monk will occupy on
both trips at precisely the same time of day.
*This puzzle was inspired to
the publication on our site by a message from Julia J.
**This problem was called to Martin Gardner's attention by psychologist
Ray Hyman, of the University of Oregon, who in turn found it in a
monograph entitled "On Problem-Solving," by the German Gestalt
psychologist Karl Dunker.